Osseous Surgery is a medical procedure that involves removing bacteria that live in between the base of the teeth and the gums.
Every healthy person has a small gap between the base of the teeth and the gums; this gap, also known as pockets or rift, is about 2-3mm deep. Sometimes the gap gets more significant than 3mm and goes as deep as 5mm. This additional gap, though negligible, can permit bacteria to make their way into your gums which is not surprising because the extra gap is caused by gum disease, and these same bacteria cause gum disease. In summary, bacteria forms, find their way to the base of the teeth, increase the space between the bottom of the teeth and the gum, and gives room for more bacteria to come in. When more bacteria come in, they begin to eat the gum and gum bone to the extent that the affected tooth will have to be extracted if care is not taken quickly.
Osseous surgery helps to remove these bacteria from beneath your teeth. A dentist in San Diego, CA, will first cut your gum open, take out the bacteria from inside your gum, and fix the bone that has been damaged. This bone can be your bone, the bone of a donor, or a synthetic bone. After the surgery, a new bone will form around the bone repaired by the dentist.
If you need an osseous surgery with graft in San Diego, CA, search for “periodontics near me” or “osseous surgery with grafting near you.” This search will help you narrow your search down to the best dentist in San Diego, CA, where you can do this surgery without any fear. Before recommending an osseous surgery, a dentist will have confirmed that the gum disease cannot be resolved using antibiotics or root planning. An osseous surgery or pocket reduction surgery is a quick process spanning about 2 hours, usually performed by a Periodontist specialist.
During the surgery, you will be given an anesthetic to help you kill the pain receptors around your gums. Once the anesthetic kicks in, the periodontist will make a cut on your gum, open it, and remove the bacteria that are inside. After this, the periodontist will smoothen the area where the bone is affected; in some cases, the affected bone will be damaged so severely that it cannot be smoothened. When this happens, a special technique is employed to create another bone by grafting and using regenerative tissue membranes. After the bone has been fixed, the gum is sewn back. However, the fact that you cannot feel pain at that instant will not stop you from bleeding, so a periodontal dressing is placed on the gums to control bleeding.
After an osseous surgery with grafting in San Diego, CA, any dentist in San Diego, CA, will permit you to begin work after a few days. However, you will experience pains in the days that follow, so your dentist will prescribe some painkillers. Also, while the surgery is healing up, you might be placed on special diets or recommendations.
Other than the painkillers and the diet, to speed up the recovery from an osseous surgery, avoid smoking. Staying away from burning sticks might be a difficulty for some people; if you fall in this category, talk to your dentist about it, and he or she can help you plan a time for you to smoke. It is advisable to stay away from meals that are hard for the few days that precede the surgery. Also, do not use any straw and rinse your mouth with saltwater after a day.
There is a tendency that the gum might swell, so place an ice pack on your mouth to reduce the swelling. Also, you need to refrain from physical activities for the first few days after the surgery and change your gauze regularly.
On a final note, most osseous surgeries are usually successful, but the surgery’s success is not solely dependent on the periodontist. You also ought to maintain good dental hygiene and follow the instructions of your dentist.